《Top 20 most influential women》---- 转自《独 立报》
Each year, Forbes magazine selects the world's most powerful women. The listing isn't about celebrity or popularity; it's about influence... In our gallery, we introduce you to the Top 20 of Forbes' Power Women!
20 - Chanda Kochhar
In December 2008, 47-year old Chanda Kochhar was named to be the first woman boss of ICICI, India's second largest bank. She now oversees assets of $100 billion - 25 years after having joined ICICI as a management trainee!
19 - Marjorie Scardino
In 1997, Scardino became the first female Chief Executive of a FTSE 100 company, when appointed CEO of Pearson Plc. A University of San Francisco Law school graduate, the 62-year old is also a trustee of the V&A museum. She started out as co-founder and publisher of the Pulitzer Prize-winning Georgia Gazette.
18 - Gail Kelly
As chief executive of Westpac, Gail Kelly is considered the most powerful businesswoman in Australia. Currently, she manages over 40,000 employees as well as an estimated $440 billion in assets.
17 - Christine Lagarde
The current Minister of Economic Affairs, Industry and Employment of France became the first female finance minister of a G-8 economy, after her appointment in June 2007. A champion synchronized swimmer, she also made history as the first female chairman of the global law firm Baker & McKenzie.
16 - Safra A. Catz
A University of Pennsylvania graduate, the Israeli-American manager has been Chief Financial Officer of Oracle Corporation since November 2005. Previously, she had also worked as an investment banker for nearly 20 years.
15 - Anne M. Mulcahy
In 2002, Anne M. Mulcahy became chairman of Xerox, having worked at the corporation for over 30 years. She also served as CEO from 2001 to 2009, but announced her retirement this March prior to the company's annual shareholder meeting. The global document management company was hit hard by the recession: as there is less demand for printers and copiers, revenues fell 18% in the second quarter.
14 - Ursula Burns
The Columbia-graduate Ursula M. Burns succeeded Anne Mulcahy as CEO of Xerox Corporation in 2009. She is the first African-American woman to head a S&P 100 company. Burns joined the printing giant in 1980 - as a mechanical engineering summer intern.
13 - Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi, President of the Indian National Congress, was raised in Italy and studied English at The Bell Educational Trust's language school in Cambridge. She is also chairperson of the ruling United Progressive Alliance. The recent landslide victory for her party solidified her position, as she is still widely revered by her fellow countrymen.
12 - Carol Bartz
After having spent 14 years as CEO at Autodesk, the Wisconsin-graduate Carol Bartz was named President and CEO of Yahoo! in January 2009. She is now working hard to save the crisis-ridden company, for example by brokering the controversial partnership with Microsoft.
11 - Christina Fernandez
The former First Lady of Argentina was elected President in 2007, becoming Argentina's first popularly elected woman for the highest office. In recent mid-term elections, however, she suffered a severe setback as the ruling Peronist Party lost control of both houses of congress.
10 - Lynn Elsenhans
After having received a MBA degree from Harvard Business School, Elsenhans served as the Executive Vice President of Global Manufacturing for Shell Downstream Inc. In 2008, she became both Chairwoman and CEO of Sunoco. During her first year at the petroleum manufacturer, she earned a total compensation of $12,062,024.
9 - Anne Lauvergeon
The former Lazard investment banker is now CEO of Areva, a French public multinational industrial conglomerate that is mainly known for nuclear power. She has run France's nuclear utility since 1999.
8 - Angela Braly
In 2007, the Texas-born Angela Brarly became both president and CEO for health care giant WellPoint, following several other high-profile roles for the company. During her first year in office, she earned a total of $14.86 million, mostly in stock options. The WellPoint company currently commands more than $60 billion in annual revenues.
7 - Ellen Kullman
With her election as President and CEO of DuPont, the 53-year old Ellen Kullman became the first woman to lead the company in its 206 year history. Previously, she served as director for General Motors from 2004 to 2008.
6 - Irene Rosenfeld
In 2006, Cornell-PhD Irene Rosenfeld was appointed CEO of Kraft Foods Inc., following a variety of previous leadership roles at the food company. Her plan to reduce costs by cutting unprofitable product lines and focussing on core brands seems to be working: her proclaimed favourite products, Oreo cookies and Kraft macaroni and cheese, currently show double-digit growth!
5 - Ho Ching
The wife of Singapore's Prime Minister has served as CEO for Temasek Holdings since 2004, overseeing more than $100 billion in assets. Additionally to her Bachelor of Engineering from the University of Singapore, she also holds a Master of Science from Stanford University.
4 - Cynthia Carroll
In March 2007, the American businesswoman Cynthia Carroll became CEO of Anglo American PLC, a UK mining company. Holding an MBA from Harvard University, she also served as director of Sara Lee and AngloGold Ashanti Limited before joining the world's largest platinum producer.
3 - Indra Nooyi
In 2006, the Indian businesswoman became Chairman and CEO of PepsiCo, one of the world's largest food and beverage companies. After initial steps in the Indian business-world, she was admitted to Yale School of Management in 1978 and subsequently earned a master's degree in Public and Private Management. She also held strategy positions at Motorola and Asea Brown Boveri.
2 - Sheila Bair
A trained lawyer, Sheila Bair was appointed Chairman of the U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in 2006 by George W. Bush. The deepening economic crisis forced the Kansas native to become more comfortable in making public appearances, as well as in fighting Washington insiders for her own agenda. Yet, her agency's influence remains unbroken: so far this year, the FDIC has taken 69 banks into receivership.
1 - Angela Merkel
Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel still enjoys great support of the electorate, as she seeks a second term in the general election this September. In a recent opinion poll, over 50 per cent of Germans want the 55-year old to remain in office. Here, we can see her at a recent election campaign rally near Saarbruecken. In 2007, Merkel also became the second woman to chair the G8, after Margaret Thatcher.