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[资料分享] VOA.BBC--------新闻常用词汇,强援你羸弱的听力................A到D

发表于 2010-2-8 11:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
accept - v. to agree to receive 接受

accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event 事故

accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement
against someone 指责

activist - n. one who seeks change through action 激进分子

administration - n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a
president or prime minister 政府

admit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or
responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.") 承认

adult - n. a grown person 成人

advise - v. to help with infromation, knowledge or ideas in making a decision 建议

affect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's
perfromance.") 影响

agency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United
Nations") 机构

aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's
borders 侵略

agriculture - n. farming 农业

air force - n. a military organization using airplanes 空军

album - n. a collection of recorded music 歌集

alcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in
industrial products 酒精

ally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose 联合体

ambassador - n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another
government) 大使

amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law) 修正

ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from guns 弹药

anarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessness 无政府状态

ancestor - n. a family member from the past 祖先

ancient - ad. very old; long ago 远古的

anniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the
past 周年

announce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officially 宣布

apologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts
responsibility 致歉

appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on
somebody for help 上诉;呼吁

appear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem 出现

appoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge") 任命

approve - v. to agree with; to agree to support 赞成

archeology - n. the scientific study of past human life and activities 考古学

argue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree 争论

arms - n. military equipment; weapons 兵器

arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner 逮捕

artillery - n. big guns 炮

assist - v. to help 帮助

astronaut - n. a person who travels in space 宇航员

astronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universe 天文学

asylum - n. political protection given by a government to a person from another
country 政治庇护

atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planet 大气层

attach - v. to tie together; to connect 系上;连接

attack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight 袭击

attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort 尝试

attend - v. to be present at 出席

automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car 汽车

average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal 平均,平常

avoid - v. to stay away from 避免

award - n. an honor or prize for an act or service 奖励


balance - v. to make two sides or forces equal 平衡

balloon - n. a device of strong, light material that rises when filled with gas lighter
than air 气球

ballot - n. a piece of paper used for voting 选票

ban - v. to not permit; to stop; n. an official restriction 禁止

bar - v. to prevent or block 禁止,阻碍

barrier - n. anything that blocks or makes an action difficult 障碍

base - n. a military center 军营; v. to establish as a fact 基于
("Her research was based on

battle - n. a fight between opposing armed forces 战斗

beat - v. to hit again and again 击打

betray - v. to turn against; to be false to 背叛

bill - n. a legislative proposal 议案

biology - n. the scientific study of life or living things in all their froms 生物学

blame - v. to accuse; to hold responsible 责备

block - v. to stop something from being done; to prevent movement 堵塞,阻碍

bomb - n. a device that explodes with great force 炸弹
; v. to attack or destroy with
bombs 炸弹袭击

border - n. a dividing line between nations 边界

boycott - v. to refuse to take part in or deal with 联合抵制

brief - ad. short; not long 简短的

broadcast - v. to send infrom
ation, stories or music by radio or television; n. a radio
or television program 
brown - ad. having the color like that of coffee 褐色的

budget - n. a spending plan 预算

bullet - n. a small piece of metal shot from a gun 子弹

burst - v. to break open suddenly 爆裂

business - n. one's work; buying and selling to earn money; trade 工作,商业

cabinet - n. a group of ministers that helps lead a government 内阁

camp - n. a place with temporary housing 露营

campaign - n. a competition by opposing political candidates seeking support from
voters; a connected series of military actions during a war 活动

cancel - v. to end; to stop 取消

cancer - n. a disease in which dangerous cells grow quickly and destroy parts of the
body 癌症

candidate - n. a person who seeks or is nominated for an office or an honor 候选人

capitalism - n. an economic system in which the production of most goods and
services is owned and operated for profit by private citizens or companies 资本主义

capture - v. to make a person or animal a prisoner; to seize or take by force; to get
control of 捕获

case (court) - n. a legal action 案例

case (medical) - n. an incident of disease ("There was only one case of chicken pox
at the school.") 病例

cause - v. to make happen; n. the thing or person that produces a result 导致

ceasefire - n. a halt in fighting, usually by agreement 停火协议

celebrate - v. to honor a person or event with special activities 庆祝

ceremony - n. an act or series of acts done in a special way established by tradition 仪式

chairman - n. a person leading a meeting or an organized group 主席

champion - n. the best; the winner 冠军

charge - v. to accuse someone of something, usually a crime 控诉
; n. a statement in
which someone is accused of something 指控

chase - v. to run or go after someone or something 追逐

cheer - v. to shout approval or praise 欢呼

chemicals - n. elements found in nature or made by people; substances used in the
science of chemistry 化学物质

chemistry - n. the scientific study of substances, what they are made of, how they
act under different conditions, and how they from other substances 
1.     chief - n. the head or leader of a group 首领; ad. leading; most important 主要的

civilian - ad. not military

civil rights - n. the political, economic and social rights given equally to all people of
a nation

claim - v. to say something as a fact 声明

clash - n. a battle 冲突; v. to fight or oppose 发生冲突

clergy - n. a body of officials within a religious organization 神职人员

climate - n. the normal weather conditions of a place 气候

coal - n. a solid black substance used as fuel 煤

coalition - n. forces, groups or nations joined together 联盟

coast - n. land on the edge of the ocean 海岸

colony - n. land controlled by another country or government 殖民地

combine - v. to mix or bring together 联合,结合

command - v. to order; to have power over something 命令

comment - v. to say something about; to express an opinion about something 评论

committee - n. a group of people given special work 委员会

communicate - v. to tell; to give or exchange infromation 交流,通信

community - n. a group of people living together in one place or area 社区

compare - v. to examine what is different or similar 对比

compete - v. to try to do as well as, or better than, another or others 竞争

complex - ad. of or having many parts that are difficult to understand; not simple 复杂的

compromise - n. the settlement of an argument where each side agrees to accept
less than first demanded

concern - n. interest, worry ("express concern about") ; v. to fear ("to be

condemn - v. to say a person or action is wrong or bad 遣责

condition - n. something declared necessary to complete an agreement
; a person's

conference - n. a meeting 会议

confirm - v. to approve; to say that something is true

conflict - n. a fight; a battle, especially a long one 冲突

congratulate - v. to praise a person or to express pleasure for success or good luck 祝贺

Congress - n. the organization of people elected to make the laws of the United
States (the House of Representatives and the Senate); a similar organization in
other countries

conservative - n. one who usually supports tradition and opposes great change 保守派

constitution - n. the written general laws and ideas that
from a nation's system of
contain - v. to hold; to include 包容

container - n. a box, bottle or can used to hold something 容器

continent - n. any of the seven great land areas of the world

control - v. to direct; to have power over 控制

convention - n. a large meeting for a special purpose 大会

cooperate - v. to act or work together 合作

court - n. where trials take place; where judges make decisions about law 法院

crash - v. to fall violently; to hit with great force 碰撞,坠毁

create - v. to make; to give life or from to 创造

creature - n. any living being; any animal or human 生物

credit - n. an agreement that payments will be made at a later time 信用

crew - n. a group of people working together 全体人员

crime - n. an act that violates a law 罪行

criminal - n. a person who is responsible for a crime 罪犯

crisis - n. an extremely important time when something may become much better or
worse; a dangerous situation

criticize - v. to say what is wrong with something or someone; to condemn; to

crowd - n. a large number of people gathered in one place 人群

crush - v. to damage or destroy by great weight; to defeat completely 压碎

curfew - n. an order to people to stay off the streets or to close their businesses 戒严

current - n. movement of air, water or electricity 水流,电流; ad. belonging to the present time 目前的 ("She found the report in a current publication.") 

custom - n. a long-established belief or activity of a people 习惯,风俗

customs - n. taxes on imports 入关税

dam - n. a wall built across a river to hold back flowing water

damage - v. to cause injury or destruction 摧毁; n. harm; hurt or injury, usually to things 毁坏

deaf - ad. not able to hear 聋的

debate - v. to argue for or against something; n. a public discussion or argument

debt - n. something that is owed; the condition of owing 债务

declare - v. to say; to make a statement 声明

decrease - v. to make less in size or amount 降低

defeat - v. to cause to lose in a battle or struggle; n. a loss; the condition of having

defend - v. to guard or fight against attack; to protect 防卫

deficit - n. a shortage that results when spending is greater than earnings, or
imports are greater than exports

define - v. to give the meaning of; to explain 定义

delay - v. to decide to do something at a later time; to postpone; to cause to be late 延迟

delegate - n. one sent to act for another; one who represents another 代表

demand - v. to ask by ordering; to ask with force 要求

democracy - n. the system of government in which citizens vote to choose leaders or
to make other important decisions

demonstrate - v. to make a public show of opinions or feelings ("The crowd
demonstrated in support of human rights.")
; to explain by using examples ("The
teacher demonstrated the idea with an experiment.")

denounce - v. to accuse of being wrong or evil; to criticize severely

deny - v. to declare that something is not true; to refuse a request 否认

depend - v. to need help and support 依靠

deplore - v. to regret strongly; to express sadness 表示悲痛

deploy - v. to move forces or weapons into positions for action 部署(军队)

depression - n. severe unhappiness; a period of reduced business and economic
activity during which many people lose their jobs

describe - v. to give a word picture of something; to give details of something 描述

design - v. to plan or create plans for 设计

desire - v. to want very much; to wish for 愿望

destroy - v. to break into pieces; to end the existence of 摧毁

develop - v. to grow; to create; to experience progress 发展

device - n. a piece of equipment made for a special purpose 设备

dictator - n. a ruler with complete power

diet - n. usual daily food and drink 日常饮食

diplomat - n. a person who represents his or her government in dealing with another

direct - v. to lead; to aim or show the way 指引
("He directed me to the theater."); ad.
straight to something; not through some other person or thing
("The path is

direction - n. the way (east, west, north, south); where someone or something came
from or went to

dirt - n. earth or soil 泥土

disappear - v. to become unseen; to no longer exist 消失

disarm - v. to take away weapons; to no longer keep weapons; to make a bomb
harmless by removing its exploding device

discuss - v. to talk about; to exchange ideas 讨论

disease - n. a sickness in living things, often caused by viruses, germs or bacteria 疾病

dismiss - v. to send away; to refuse to consider 解散

dispute - v. to oppose strongly by argument; n. an angry debate 争论

dissident - n. a person who strongly disagrees with his or her government 不同政见者

document - n. an official piece of paper with facts written on it, used as proof or
support of something

drown - v. to die under water 溺水

drug - n. anything used as a medicine or in making medicine; a chemical substance
used to ease pain or to affect the mind

dust - n. pieces of matter so small that they can float in the air 灰尘
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